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Fuente de Cella

Declared a Historic-Artistic Monument and an Asset of Cultural Interest. The Fuente de Cella is an artesian well between the permeable Jurassic and impermeable Triassic layers. It is considered the largest in Europe.

It was known around the 11th century, although it was not until 1729 when the Italian engineer Domingo Ferrari built the ashlar stone parapet that surrounds it with a perimeter of 130 m, elliptical in shape, with a major axis of 34.83 m and a minor axis of 24.83 m, commissioned by the Audiencia de Aragón. The cost of the work was 13,000 Valencian pounds. It is 9 meters deep on the banks and 11.5 meters in the center and has a flow of 6,700 cubic feet per minute (3,500 liters per second).


The Fountain divides its waters into three main irrigation channels, called the Caudo, the Granja and the Mother irrigation channel, which are used to irrigate the farmland of seven villages that benefit from its waters (Cella, Villarquemado, Santa Eulalia, Torremocha, Torrelacárcel, Alba and Villafranca). It is irrigated regularly and in accordance with the Royal Ordinances and Provisions of 1742, established by the said villages, which have detailed watering days and times.


Next to it stands a neoclassical chapel dedicated to San Clemente, its patron saint, dating from the same year as Ferrari’s engineering work. In the surrounding area there is a leisure and garden area and recently work has been carried out to create a promenade in the area.

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